Discrimination Protected Classes

Discrimination Protected Classes

Employees are protected from discrimination and retaliation where they are a member of a “protected class.” An employer under Title VII, includes any business employing 15 or more employees. 

Classes protected by federal law include the following:

  • Race
  • Color
  • National origin
  • Religion
  • Sex (including pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions)
  • Sexual orientation
  • Gender identity
  • Disability
  • Age (40 and older)
  • Citizenship status, and
  • Genetic information.

Ohio has similar protections but it applies to more employers. In Ohio, an "Employer" means the state, any political subdivision of the state, or a person employing four or more persons within the state, and any agent of the state, political subdivision, or person. R.C. 4112.01. https://codes.ohio.gov/ohio-revised-code/section-4112.01

In April 2021, the Ohio legislature made changes to Ohio’s employment discrimination law, prohibiting lawsuits against individual harassers and supervisors and limiting lawsuits to employers, only. Furthermore, citizens in Ohio must now exhaust administrative remedies before filing a lawsuit, which means Ohioans must now file a Charge with the Ohio Civil Rights Commission before bringing a lawsuit.

For more information on your employment rights and protected classes, call Oliver Law Office. Please note that not all employment screenings are free, so you may be asked to consult with an intake staff prior to scheduling an appointment.

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I need to tell you how great it was for Attorney Jami Oliver to handle my case. First she listened to what the situation that I was facing.... She educated me on what the chances were as far as possible success as well as pitfalls that could disrupt that success. She was very honest as far as letting us know the chances of winning versus losing. It was a difficult case, and she still educated us as to what our options were and how the process worked. She instructed us on what to say as well as what not to say. Sometimes you need to talk and other times not talk. She believed in us and fought for us. You can't go wrong to hire her the staff that compliments her strengths. John Zimmerread more
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