Employees are protected from discrimination and retaliation where they are a member of a “protected class.” An employer under Title VII, includes any business employing 15 or more employees.
Classes protected by federal law include the following:
Ohio has similar protections but it applies to more employers. In Ohio, an "Employer" means the state, any political subdivision of the state, or a person employing four or more persons within the state, and any agent of the state, political subdivision, or person. R.C. 4112.01. https://codes.ohio.gov/ohio-revised-code/section-4112.01
In April 2021, the Ohio legislature made changes to Ohio’s employment discrimination law, prohibiting lawsuits against individual harassers and supervisors and limiting lawsuits to employers, only. Furthermore, citizens in Ohio must now exhaust administrative remedies before filing a lawsuit, which means Ohioans must now file a Charge with the Ohio Civil Rights Commission before bringing a lawsuit.
For more information on your employment rights and protected classes, call Oliver Law Office. Please note that not all employment screenings are free, so you may be asked to consult with an intake staff prior to scheduling an appointment.